Higher Injection Pressure

The fuel that is injected from the nozzle turns into finer particles as the fuel injection pressure increases. This improves combustion and reduces the amount of smoke contained in the exhaust gases. Initially, the maximum injection pressure of the in-line pump (A type) and the distributor pump (VE type) was 60 MPa. Due to advancement in high-pressure applications, there are some recently developed fuel injection systems that inject fuel at a pressure of 100 MPa or higher. The second-generation common rail system injects fuel at an extremely high pressure of 180 MPa.

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