Diesel Engine Troubleshooting

HP0 Supply Pump Component Part Functions

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pic1 11 HP0 Supply Pump Component Part Functions

Feed Pump
• The feed pump, which is integrated in the supply pump, draws fuel from the fuel tank and feeds it to the pump chamber via the fuel filter. There are two types of feed pumps, the trochoid type and the vane type.
Trochoid Type
– The camshaft actuates the outer/inner rotors of the feed pump, causing them to start rotating. In accordance with the space produced by the movement of the outer/inner rotors, the feed pump draws fuel into the suction port and pumps fuel out the discharge port.

pic1 12 HP0 Supply Pump Component Part Functions

Vane Type
– The camshaft actuates the feed pump rotor and the vanes slide along the inner circumference of the eccentric ring. Along with the rotation of the rotor, the pump draws fuel from the fuel tank, and discharges it to the SCV and the pumping mechanism.

pic1 13 HP0 Supply Pump Component Part Functions

PCV: Pump Control Valve
• The PCV (Pump Control Valve) regulates the fuel discharge quantity from the supply pump in order to regulate the
rail pressure. The fuel quantity discharged from the supply pump to the rail is determined by the timing with which the current is applied to the PCV.

Actuation Circuit
– The diagram below shows the actuation circuit of the PCV. The ignition switch turns the PCV relay ON and OFF to
apply current to the PCV. The ECU handles ON/OFF control of the PCV. Based on the signals from each sensor, it determines the target discharge quantity required to provide optimum rail pressure and controls the ON/OFF timing for the PCV to achieve this target discharge quantity.

pic1 14 HP0 Supply Pump Component Part Functions

Pumping Mechanism
• The camshaft is actuated by the engine and the cam actuates the plunger via the tappet to pump the fuel sent by the feed pump. The PCV controls the discharge quantity. The fuel is pumped from the feed pump to the cylinder, and then to the delivery valve.

pic1 15 HP0 Supply Pump Component Part Functions

CYLINDER RECOGNITION SENSOR {TDC (G) SENSOR}
• The cylinder recognition sensor {TDC (G) sensor} uses the alternating current voltage generated by the change in the lines of magnetic force passing through the coil to send the output voltage to the ECU. This is the same for the engine speed sensor installed on the engine side. A disc-shaped gear, which is provided in the center of the supply pump camshaft, has cutouts that are placed at 120? intervals, plus an extra cutout. Therefore, this gear outputs seven pulses for every two revolutions of the engine (for a six-cylinder engine). Through the combination of engine-side engine speed pulses and TDC pulses, the pulse after the extra cutout pulse is recognized as the No. 1 cylinder.

pic1 16 HP0 Supply Pump Component Part Functions

Written by Jack

March 6th, 2019 at 3:27 am

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