Diesel Engine Troubleshooting

Diesel Engines Cylinder Head Straightening

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Aluminum heads usually carry the camshaft and are often mounted to a cast-iron block. The marriage is barely compatible. Aluminum has a thermal coefficient of expansion four times greater than that of iron. Even at normal temperatures, the head casting “creeps,” with most of the movement occurring in the long axis (Fig. 7-26). Pinned at its ends by bolts, the head bows upward—sometimes as much as 0.080 in. The camshaft cannot tolerate misalignments of such magnitude and, if it does not bend, binds in the center bearings.

Such heads are best straightened by stress relieving. The process can be summarized as follows: the head is bolted to a heavy steel plate, which has been drilled and tapped to accommodate the center head bolts. Shims, approximately half the thickness of the bow, are placed under the ends of the head, and the center bolts are lightly run down. Four or five hours of heat soak, followed by a slow cool down, usually restores the deck to within 0.010 in. of true. Camshaft bearings are less amenable to this treatment, and will require line boring or honing.

Corrosion can be a serious problem for aluminum heads, transforming the water jacket into something resembling papier-mâché. Upon investigation, one often finds that the grounding strap—the pleated ribbon cable connecting the head to the firewall—was not installed.

aluminium head Diesel Engines Cylinder Head Straightening

Written by Ed

February 18th, 2011 at 2:16 am

Posted in Cylinder Heads

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