Diesel Engine Troubleshooting

Fuel Injection Timing Control

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The fuel injection timing is controlled by the timing of the current applied to the injectors. After the main injection period is decided, the pilot injection and other injection timing is determined.

Main Injection Timing
– The basic injection timing is calculated from the engine speed (engine speed pulse) and the final injection quantity, to which various types of corrections are added in order to determine the optimal main injection timing.

Pilot Injection Timing (Pilot Interval)
– Pilot injection timing is controlled by adding a pilot interval value to the main injection. The pilot interval is calculated based on the final injection quantity, engine speed, coolant temperature, atmospheric temperature, and atmospheric pressure (map correction). The pilot interval at the time the engine is started is calculated from the coolant temperature and engine speed.

pic1 105 Fuel Injection Timing Control

Split Injection
– The purpose of split injection is to improve the startability of a cold engine. Before the conventional main injection takes place, this function injects two or more extremely small injections of fuel.

pic1 106 Fuel Injection Timing Control

Multi-Injection Control (Only for Some Models)
– Multi-injection control is when small injections (up to four times) are carried out before and after the main injection in accordance with the state of the main injection and engine operation. This interval (the time A-D in the diagram below) is based on the final injection quantity, engine speed, coolant temperature, and atmospheric pressure (map correction). The interval during start-up is based on the coolant temperature and engine speed.

pic1 107 Fuel Injection Timing Control

Written by Jack

March 11th, 2019 at 2:57 am

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