Turbochargers in this class are used for passenger car diesel engines rated at 45 kW upwards to larger special heavy truck and construction vehicles rated at up to 600 kW. The most important design factors are cost, reliability and performance. To keep cost low, the design must be simple, hence a single stage radial flow compressor, and a radial flow turbine are mounted on a common shaft with an inboard bearing system. This arrangement simplifies the design of inlet and exhaust casing and reduces the total weight of the turbocharger.
An automotive diesel engine turbocharger