Nearly 50 million VE pumps have been produced since introduction in 1975 with applications ranging from fishing boats to luxury automobiles. Figure 5-9 sketches a basic installation, with filter, gravity-type water separator (sedimentor), fuel lines from the pump and injectors, and a solenoid-operated fuel shutoff (magnet) valve. Normally the fuel shutoff requires battery power to open; for marine applications the valve must be energized to close. This permits the engine to continue to run should the vessel lose electrical power.
The VE turns at half engine speed and is geared to a mechanical (shown in Fig. 5-10) or electronic governor. The rear half of the pump houses the vane-type transfer pump and regulator that supplies the high-pressure section with fuel at pressures ranging from 40 psi to 175 psi at full throttle. Vane-pump pressure also controls the hydraulic timer that advances injection with increased engine speeds.
A tongue-and-groove joint mates the rear half of the two-piece drive shaft with the forward, or plunger, half. This joint, which can be seen clearly in Fig. 5-11, permits the forward half of the shaft to move fore and aft as it rotates under the impetus of the face cam. The cam reacts against the housing through roller bearings, oriented as shown in Fig. 5-12.
A control sleeve regulates the effective stroke of the plunger, which discharges through delivery valves on the distributor head.