• After the vacuum pump generates a vacuum, the E-VRV (electric-vacuum regulation valve) regulates the vacuum and
directs it to the diaphragm chamber of the EGR valve. In response to this vacuum, the diaphragm pushes the spring
downward, which determines the opening of the EGR valve and controls the EGR volume.
• The EGR cooler, which is provided in the EGR passage between the cylinder head and the intake passage, cools the
EGR in order to increase the EGR volume.
• The EGR cutoff VSV, which opens the diaphragm chamber to the atmosphere when the EGR valve is closed, helps
to improve response.
To Increase the EGR Quantity
– The E-VRV duty ratio is controlled*1. In the stable condition shown in the bottom center diagram, an increase in the current that is applied to the coil causes the attraction force FM in the coil to increase. When this force becomes greater than the vacuum force FV that acts on the diaphragm, the moving core moves downward. Along with this movement, the port from the vacuum pump to the upper chamber of the diaphragm opens. Consequently, the output
vacuum increases, which causes the EGR valve to open and the EGR volume to increase. Meanwhile, because “increased output vacuum equals increased FV”, the moving core moves upward with the increase in FV. When FM and FV are equal, the port closes and the forces stabilize. Because the vacuum circuit of the EGR is a closed loop, it maintains the vacuum in a stabilized state, provided there are no changes in the amperage.
To Decrease the EGR Volume
– A decrease in the current that is applied to the coil causes FV to become greater than FM. As a result, the diaphragm moves upward. The moving core also moves upward in conjunction with the movement of the diaphragm,
causing the valve that seals the upper and lower diaphragm chambers to open. Consequently, the atmospheric pressure in the lower chamber enters the upper chamber, thus reducing the output vacuum. This causes the EGR valve to close and the EGR volume to decrease. Because “decreased output vacuum equals decreased FV”, the moving core moves downward with the decrease in FV. When FM and FV are equal, the port closes and the forces stabilize.